Sunday, 25 April 2010

Luna Trick F4 seedlings go forth

Luna Trick F4 seedlings
Luna Trick F4 plants all tagged up and ready to plant out

Well both my F4 Luna Trick batches are now planted out in the garden - the standard version and the sugarsnap version. They were sown a couple of weeks apart, in the hopes that their development will be staggered somewhat and I will be less overwhelmed by the workload. Growing peas is not in itself much of a workload … they are independent little dears. But breeding projects have a habit of being very time-consuming, especially this one, because I'm being very careful about collecting individual data on each plant. It takes a lot of effort to label and track every single plant in the project and write down detailed notes for all of them. But it will save me time in the long run because I will be able to select more precisely for the traits I want - and it will teach me a lot about the genetics involved, and pea genetics generally. By labelling every plant with its own number, which includes a code for its specific pedigree, I can identify which lines are true-breeding for dominant traits such as tallness. I'll be able to see which pedigree lines are entirely made up of tall plants and save seed only from those, which should eliminate unwanted recessives very quickly. If I pooled the F4 seed and selected from the whole group, I wouldn't know which of the tall ones were hiding unwanted recessives. So although it would save me a lot of note-taking for this year, I'd be weeding out unwanted dwarf types for years to come.

Luna Trick F4
Luna Trick F4 plant, photographed today. This one is the offspring of LT10, which so far looks to be the only line which is true-breeding for tallness.

As these plants are so important to me, I take extra care with them. They have been raised in rootrainers, which in my experience are far more reliable than any other method for producing strong seedlings and healthy plants. The expense of rootrainers doesn't necessarily make them a good option for pea cultivation generally, but for me they are a worthy investment. The next important thing is soil preparation. I don't bother with fertilisers because peas don't really need them … they have a unique mechanism for producing their own. But what they do benefit from is a digging in of organic matter of some kind. Compost is good. Horse manure is excellent, but in the light of the disgraceful aminopyralid poisoning of Britain's grasslands, I'm not using manure in my garden at the moment. Removal of perennial weeds such as couch grass root is also important, because it's difficult to weed around peas once they get established.

The other special care I provide them with is protection from the weather. Peas are hardy, and I'm not at all worried about the April frosts. The cold nights we're getting at the moment are bringing out some lovely red colour in the leaves of peas capable of producing red colour (which Luna Trick isn't) but it's not harming them in any way. What peas do suffer with though is the cold blustery winds that are so common at this time of year. Having said that, this year has been astonishingly warm and settled, so it hasn't been an issue. They are only really vulnerable to this when they're young and first planted out … the cold winds wither and damage the young growing tips. Once they've got established after a couple of weeks, they are a lot more robust. So what I do for precious peas when first planted out is set up a netted fabric screen round them. Horticultural fleece is the conventional choice, but the lovely old lady who lived in my house before me has saved me ever having to buy any. The house was festooned with about 30 miles of net curtains, which do an admirable job in taking the edge off the winds without losing too much sunlight. I'm growing Luna Trick in a frame made of bamboo canes, so it's the work of a moment to attach the net curtains round it with clothes pegs. I do have to be careful to lay a few unwelcoming heavy twigs around the outside as well, because my cat finds it amusing to charge into the net curtains at high speed.

Protecting pea seedlings the cheap way
Doesn't that look grand? Well all right, it looks bloody awful, but old net curtains are very effective at filtering the English spring breezes while the seedlings get established. I make no apology for the state of my garden ... the breeding and heritage conservation work is so time consuming I don't have time to make it look pretty as well.

I keep each of my breeding projects in their own personal filing containers, made from ultra high-tech re-used cat food boxes. When I picked up an empty box the other day for a new project I'm starting, it turned out not to be empty. Rattling around inside were about a dozen lovingly sorted and labelled bags of Luna Trick seed from the best of my F3 lines, and three unmarked whole pods left loose in the box. I'm afraid I do have this bad habit of failing to label things and then forgetting what the hell they were. These seeds were all harvested earlier in the season, when I was selecting the best plants and harvesting the pods as they matured. I remember harvesting them but don't remember shelling them and boxing them up, which serves me right for smoking too much weed in my youth. There were about twelve pedigree lines in labelled bags, including a load of extra seed from my best plant LT10 … so I've sown another fifteen of those. You can never have enough LT10 as far as I'm concerned. And by starting off another batch of them now, in addition to the ones sown about a month ago, I'm greatly increasing my window of opportunity to make crosses with them.

The loose pods were something of a mystery, but there had to be a good reason I kept them separate instead of bagging them up like I did the others. According to my pollination records, which can also be a bit sporadic when I'm busy, I did some crosses between the best Luna Trick F3 plants and one of the trial varieties I grew in 2009, Buerre Cosse Rouge. This latter is quite a special little variety because it has red-sploshed pods … not quite the deep consistent crimson I got in my red-podder project, but reasonably close to it. And it's a sugarsnap type. It does have some frustrating weaknesses though. The plants (in my trial at least) were tiny and not very strong, and the yields absolutely miniscule. It produced miniscule pods that have about three peas in them, and more often than not they withered and fell off before they reached maturity. I didn't even get to taste Buerre Cosse Rouge, because I was struggling to scrape together enough seed just to regrow it this season. In doing these crosses, I had in my head the idea that I might get some red-pod gorgeousness into the voluptuous sweet abundance of Luna Trick. There is a chance - only a chance mind - that these loose pods had been kept separate because they were hybridised ones.

Fortunately for me and my slack incompetence, I should be able to find out fairly quickly. My old friend gene A will help me out. It's the gene which switches on the colour pigment in peas. Luna Trick doesn't have it - it's true-breeding for the recessive a a genotype which cannot produce anthocyanin pigment. Buerre Cosse Rouge presumably has the dominant A A type, because it has lots of anthocyanin colour. Crossing the two will give me the a A genotype, in which the recessive colourless gene gets elbowed out. In other words, if the seedlings show any trace of red colouring, I will know they are from a cross. If they turn out to be the normal unpigmented Luna Trick type, then I'll know they weren't from a cross. Thus nature sometimes forgives us for poor labelling.

(The seedlings have now emerged and so far are not showing any obvious traces of anthocyanin. Arse!)

42 comments:

Kath said...

'Mystery' sounds like a good pea name!

I'm enjoying your pea posts immensely. You know why!

Speaking of Arses, I found a weedy pea seedling of my F2 crosses lurking behind a stronger plant and it hadn't been labelled and incuded in my table. I now have an 8a! Pink, wobbly arse!

ahmed said...


شركة تسليك مجاري بالقطيف
شركة تسليك مجاري بالقصيم

datriyo said...

If you want to work as a Smart Hands Engineer, we’ve got all the information you need to know before making this career change. Smart hands engineers work to offer operational support and remote management, as well as help with things like installation and troubleshooting.

soophia said...

If you want to work as a Smart Hands Engineer, we’ve got all the information you need to know before making this career change. Smart hands engineers work to offer operational support and remote management, as well as help with things like installation and troubleshooting.

Uzuitengen said...

ISC888 สล็อตออนไลน์ เว็บเดิมพันสล็อตออนไลน์ ทุกรูปแบบ เกมเดิมพันออนไลน์ทุกรูปแบบให้เลือกเล่นมากมายกว่า 1000 รูปแบบ.

Preetham said...

Byju Raveendran is a former teacher who turned into an entrepreneur. He is the founder of ed-tech startup Byju's. He is the beloved son of physics and mathematics teachers from Azhikode village in the Kannur district of Kerala. This Byju's helping many students in achieving goals towards their career.

be-ready said...

Semua permainan slot online, judi bola online, poker online yang PRODEO88 sediakan dapat dimainkan dengan bet kecil dan bet rendah.

Brooklyn Smith said...

Searching for the assignment writing services with experts at fair prices? Go to GoAssignmentHelp.com. Our assignment helpers are graduates from top Universities and, know how to help you achieve your academic goals in a deadline. As you have seen above how we do your international business assignment help, later you can find out where we are located. We welcome all the students who face challenges in writing Assignments, Dissertation, Homework, Thesis, Essay, solve my math problem, Case Study, and Project Reports. So what are you waiting for? Chat with our friendly online expert team and book your paper today to get high quality, plagiarized free and on-time delivery of your Assignment help. We always look forward to provide you the best.

Matt Smith said...

Thank you for sharing the useful post. A reader got a lot of information from this post and utilized it in their research. I also provide independent support for the outlook email. So if you are facing issues with the outlook account then contact me for outlook customer service.
Also Read: Outlook not connecting to server | Outlook send receive error | outlook cannot connect to server | outlook not receiving emails.

永远祝福 said...

Dispensary care is Weed what many people lack in the interior areas of the world. Weed, can help you recover shortly. marijuana. people face a lot of health issues everyday without solution. Weed However, marijuana has always been a perfect remedy for ill health. Nevertheless, cocaine may also help.

John Smith said...

Opt for our online assignment help service in UAE to finish your assignments and submit them within the deadline. No need to take the stress of insufficient knowledge and lack of skills when you have an online assignment writing expert for writing your assignment in UAE.

Assignment help Ireland said...

Opt for our Assignment help Ireland to finish your assignments and submit them within the deadline. No need to take the stress of insufficient knowledge and lack of skills when you have an online assignment writing expert for writing your assignment in Ireland.

Assignment Help said...

I am always looking forward to read the neat and clean quote. For this purpose, I found your content slogan effective and impressive. If we make to amicable environment to do work prosperity, then you attach with quotation of Online Assignment Help. In fact, it would be really helpful for you. Not only for you, but other people can access great knowledge with you.

Assignmenthippo said...

Get the best Autocad Assignment Help with 200 experts at Assignment Hippo Find quick AutoCAD Assignment Help assistance online and boost your academic grades.

baccaratsite.top said...

I finally found great post here. Thanks for the information. Please keep sharing more articles.
바카라사이트

safecasinosite.net said...

Hi, this weekend is fastidious designed for me, since this
occasion i am reading this impressive educational piece
of writing here at my home
토토사이트

Unknown said...

Those who want python assignment help can contact us for the same, we are providing these services from the last 20 years.

Jone Marsh said...

students must require Law Assignment Help experts to enhance their knowledge and writing skills. After getting help, students also acquire higher grades in their academic sessions. However, when you are availing our services for any law topic, it assures accuracy and good scores. So, homework help is a good option for your difficulty in subjects.

Do Assignment Help said...

Great post I must say. Really amazing topic and easy words you choose in your blog. I am seeing there are lots of viewers you have. Just like you, I am also tried to write content, so please check my Assignment Help website and let me know if you are getting any types of issues.
Want to know about Nursing topics? If yes then please visit best nursing research topics list.

casinositeguide.com said...

I simply want to tell you that I am just beginner to blogs and certainly enjoyed you’re web page. 바카라사이트

education8814 said...

Wow! What an informative blog you posted. Such an easy, useful and informative language you used in your blog. Just like you I also tried to use simple language for students in my Online assignment help, so just check and outreach my content if you think my assignment help website is informative and useful. And let me know if you think there is some need to improve my content.
Read More: https://www.doassignmenthelp.com/

Thank You!

mrbobystone said...

This is one of the best posts I’ve read. It contains some very valuable and helpful information. Thanks for sharing. Teddy Bomber Jacket

Jobi Johnson said...

I really enjoyed reading your article. I found this as an informative and interesting post, so i think it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the effort you made in writing this article. Jim Morrison Jacket

eddielydon said...

Thanks for posting this info. I just want to let you know that I just check out your site Knight Rider Jacket

George Mark said...

Get the latest and good quality clothing items Jackets,Coats and Vests Movies, TV Series, Gaming, Casual,Faux Leather and Leather materials available. Jim Morrison Jacket

메이저사이트추천 said...

Traditional bookstores have always existed on high streets, but in the digital age, the internet is proving to become a serious competitor to traditional brick and mortar stores. This article examines both sides of the coin and provides an appropriate insight into the phenomenon of shopping of books online. 메이저사이트추천

Anonymous said...

Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stuiate you for sharing! Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article! It’s the little changes that produce the largest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing! 먹튀폴리스

Anonymous said...

An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who had been doing a little research on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner because I discovered it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending the time to discuss this subject here on your blog. Your style is very unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this site. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon everyday. It’s always interesting to read content from other writers and use something from other websites. 토토사이트도메인

엔트리파워볼 said...

I really impressed after read this because of some quality work and informative thoughts. I just wanna say thanks to the writer and wish you all the best for coming!. We at Unique Submission. We have our ability in each type of Online Assignment Help which Includes Dissertation Writing, Essay Writing, Assignment composing, Research Proposal Writing, Admission essay composing, Coursework composing and many more. Excellent blog I visit this blog it’s really awesome. The important thing is that in this blog content written clearly and understandable. The content of information is very informative. Thanks for sharing! If you are using a Garmin Express device, an update will offer you newer features because the company always works on developing their older features to give customers a better experience. 엔트리파워볼

Anonymous said...

Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn’ to pu ared to other folks I’ve read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this blog. 파라오카지노주소

Anonymous said...

I wish to show some appreciation to this writer just for rescuing me from this type of crisis. After researching throughout the search engines and getting methods which were not pleasant, I assumed my entire life was over. Living without the presence of approaches to the problems you’ve sorted out as a result of this report is a crucial case, as well as the kind that might have badly affected my entire career if I hadn’t discovered the blog. Your primary talents and kindness in playing with every aspect was helpful. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not come across such a step like this. I can at this moment relish my future. Thanks a lot so much for the high quality and results-oriented help. I will not think twice to recommend your blog post to any person who should receive support on this topic. Thanks a lot for giving everyone remarkably splendid chance to check tips from this website. It’s always so nice and packed with a lot of fun for me personally and my office fellow workers to search your blog nearly 3 times per week to read through the new issues you have. And of course, I’m also at all times astounded with the awesome advice you serve. Selected 4 areas on this page are really the most impressive I have had. 먹튀폴리스

Anonymous said...

Entertainment can be more fun with Hulu as here you ge Ge help me to create my own blog. if you dont mind can you give me an advice? thanks alot!!! This is my first opportunity to visit this website. I found some interesting things and I will apply to the development of my blog. Thanks for sharing useful information. 먹튀검증

Anonymous said...

I’m just commenting to make you be aware of what a extra others thru your websites. More than likely you have never got to know all of us. 토토사이트

Johnatan said...

Thanks for an interesting blog. What else may I get that sort of info written in such a perfect approach? I have an undertaking that I am just now operating on, and I have been on the lookout for such info. Fabulous post, you have denoted out some fantastic points, I likewise think this s a very wonderful website. I will visit again for more quality contents and also, recommend this site to all. Thanks. Very good points you wrote here..Great stuff...I think you've made some truly interesting points.Keep up the good work. It is my first visit to your blog, and I am very impressed with the articles that you serve. Give adequate knowledge for me. Thank you for sharing useful material. I will be back for the more great post. 안전놀이터

Anonymous said...

Hey there! I simply wish to give you a huge thumbs up for the great information you’ve got right here on this post. I am coming back to your website for more soon. I enjoy reviewing a blog post that will make individuals think. I genuinely assume this website needs far more factor to consider. I’ll intend be back once more to find out more as well as thanks once again for the info. Thank you for sharing such a great bog it is very helpful. 메이저놀이터코드

Anonymous said...

Oh my goodness! an excellent post dude. Thanks However We’re experiencing problem with ur rss . Don’t know why Can not sign up to it. Possibly there is any person getting identical rss problem? Anybody who knows kindly respond. Thnk 스포츠토토

Anonymous said...

Having read this I thought it was very informative. I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this article together. I once aga still odness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thanks again! I just couldn’t depart your web site prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard information a person provide for your visitors? Is gonna be back often in order to check up on new posts 먹튀신고

Anonymous said...

I have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style of blogging. I added it to my favorites blog site list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my site as well and let me know what you think. I’m going to read this. I’ll be sure to come back. thanks for sharing. and also This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. this is very nice one and gives indepth information. thanks for this nice article... 먹튀제보

Anonymous said...

"Thank you so much for the post you do. I like you such good blogs and share with us. If some one wants expert view on the topic of blogging
and site-building then i recommend him/her to go to see this web site,
Keep up the good work." 토토사이트

Paper Helper said...

We are one of the best paper help services, specializing in delivering distinctive, customized, and economical writing assistance. We have a staff of subject matter specialists who are knowledgeable and professional enough to provide individualized and high-quality writing assistance, be it the research paper or paper writing help.

ABC Assignment Help said...

Your article is attractive and informative. Thank you for sharing. Any student pursuing statistics should be passionate about it. Even though it is important to attain high scores, they need to go extra and perform their duties which is a skill that may not be learned in school. Also, statistics students need to understand nursing concepts and be able to implement them in real life. They have to carry out a lot of research especially when they have assignments to handle. So online statistics homework help comes in the step and provides necessary help to make you able to handle the tasks well.

sree said...


Bottlecaps | Learn all about Red Wines

We at Bottlecaps are all about drinking wine and feeling fine. After all, we offer 360 degree e-commerce liquor solutions from where you can also order your favorite liquor online.

If you’re looking for more information and/or reviews, visit Bottlecaps e-commerce platform. Bottlecaps merchant is also a liquor store delivery app that allows you to get your favorite liquor in the comfort of your home.